The following is a list of research articles from around the world.

These look at the benefits of Pyroligneous Acid, ie. wood vinegar (also called liquid smoke, pyrolysis water, smoke water, wood distillate) which is the amber liquid produced through the natural act of carbonisation during charcoal/biochar production - this occurs when wood/biomass is heated in an oxygen starved environment:


Chemical and Biological Properties of Paddy Soil Treated with Herbicides and Pyroligneous Acid

Use of Botanical Pesticides in Modern Plant Protection

Sweetpotato organic cultivation with wood vinegar entomopathogenic nematode and fermented organic substance from plants